Pain & Narcotic UseStudies have been performed to evaluate the impact of SofPulse on pain and narcotic use after breast reduction and breast augmentation procedures. Double blinded, sham-controlled studies were performed where patients were randomized to either SofPulse or sham. Pain levels were measured using a visual analog scale (VAS) and narcotic use was recorded as amount of pills consumed. These studies showed that SofPulse significantly reduced postoperative pain and narcotic use after breast reduction and augmentation procedures. A detailed summary of the studies will be shown at left by clicking on the study below:
Effects of Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields on Interleukin-1ß and Postoperative Pain: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Pilot Study in Breast Reduction Patients9
Effects of Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields on Postoperative Pain: A Double-Blind Randomized Pilot Study in Breast Augmentation Patients8
Edema & SwellingStudies have also evaluated the effects of SofPulse on post-operative inflammation and rate of tissue repair. In this double-blinded, randomized, sham-controlled study, inflammation was evaluated and quantified by analyzing wound exudates and measuring the level of interleukin (IL)-1ß, which is an objective marker of inflammation.The results showed a 275% reduction in IL-1 ß at 18 hours post-op, compared to the sham cohort8.
Targeted MicroCurrent Therapy has also been studied and validated in standard models for assessing edema and pain. A double blinded, sham-controlled, randomized study was performed at the Indiana University School of Medicine to evaluate the increase in edema after the injection of an inflammatory agent. The results confirm that SofPulse has a significant effect on edema in an animal model which is routinely employed as an accurate predictor of the effect of anti-inflammatory drugs and physical modalities on humans. A detailed summary of the study is at left.
AngiogenesisTargeted MicroCurrent Therapy (tMCT) has been used successfully in various clinical applications for the treatment of post-surgical pain and edema, chronic wound care, and to promote vasodilation and angiogenesis14. Studies on a transplanted arterial loop in the groin of a rat (Figure A - control) clearly demonstrate the angiogenesis that occurs after 8 weeks of 30 minute pulsed electromagnetic field therapy, given twice daily (Figure B). Angiogenesis was reported to be 500% greater in the treated animals (courtesy Roland et al15).